Any concrete type of evidence submitted to the x/evidence module must fulfill the Evidence contract outlined below. Not all concrete types of evidence will fulfill this contract in the same way and some data may be entirely irrelevant to certain types of evidence.

An additional ValidatorEvidence, which extends Evidence, has also been created to define a contract for evidence against malicious validators.

// Evidence defines the contract which concrete evidence types of misbehavior
// must implement.
type Evidence interface {

	Route() string
	Type() string
	String() string
	Hash() tmbytes.HexBytes
	ValidateBasic() error

	// Height at which the infraction occurred
	GetHeight() int64

// ValidatorEvidence extends Evidence interface to define contract
// for evidence against malicious validators
type ValidatorEvidence interface {

	// The consensus address of the malicious validator at time of infraction
	GetConsensusAddress() sdk.ConsAddress

	// The total power of the malicious validator at time of infraction
	GetValidatorPower() int64

	// The total validator set power at time of infraction
	GetTotalPower() int64

Registration & Handling

The x/evidence module must first know about all types of evidence it is expected to handle. This is accomplished by registering the Route method in the Evidence contract with what is known as a Router (defined below). The Router accepts Evidence and attempts to find the corresponding Handler for the Evidence via the Route method.

type Router interface {
  AddRoute(r string, h Handler) Router
  HasRoute(r string) bool
  GetRoute(path string) Handler
  Sealed() bool

The Handler (defined below) is responsible for executing the entirety of the business logic for handling Evidence. This typically includes validating the evidence, both stateless checks via ValidateBasic and stateful checks via any keepers provided to the Handler. In addition, the Handler may also perform capabilities such as slashing and jailing a validator. All Evidence handled by the Handler should be persisted.

// Handler defines an agnostic Evidence handler. The handler is responsible
// for executing all corresponding business logic necessary for verifying the
// evidence as valid. In addition, the Handler may execute any necessary
// slashing and potential jailing.
type Handler func(sdk.Context, Evidence) error

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